Updated: Aug 27
About water and water scarcity
Water is a vital resource for all forms of life on Earth, and it plays a crucial role in various processes and activities. It covers about 71% of the Earth's surface in the form of oceans, rivers, lakes, and glaciers. However, despite its seeming abundance, water scarcity is a growing global concern.
“Water scarcity refers to the situation where the demand for water exceeds the available supply. This can occur due to various factors, including population growth, urbanization, industrialization, agricultural demands, pollution, and climate change.”
Water scarcity can be further categorized into two types:
Physical Scarcity: This occurs when there is not enough water to meet all demands, even when the water is adequately managed and distributed. Regions with arid climates or limited freshwater sources often experience physical water scarcity.
Economic Scarcity: This occurs when there is a lack of investment in water infrastructure, treatment facilities, and proper management, leading to inadequate access to clean water even in regions where water resources are available..
Consequences of Water Scarcity
Health: Limited access to clean water can lead to waterborne diseases, affecting public health.
Agriculture: Water scarcity affects crop production and food security, leading to reduced agricultural yields and increased food prices.
Ecosystems: Decreased water availability can harm aquatic ecosystems, leading to habitat loss and declining biodiversity.
Economic Impact: Industries that rely on water, such as agriculture, energy production, and manufacturing, can face disruptions, affecting economies.
Social Issues: Water scarcity can lead to conflicts over water resources, displacement of communities, and social unrest.